Associated Family and Bäcklund Transformation for Circular K-Nets

Tim Hoffmann, Andrew O'Shea Sageman-Furnas



A $2\times 2$-Lax representation for discrete circular nets of constant negative Gauß curvature is presented here. It is tightly linked to the 4D consistency of the Lax representation of discrete K-nets (in asymptotic line parametrization). The description gives rise to Bäcklund transformations and an associated family. All the members of that family—although no longer circular—can be shown to have constant Gauß curvature as well. Solutions for the Bäcklund transformations of the vacuum (in particular Dini’s surfaces and breather solutions) and their respective associated families are shown as examples.


  • Tim Hoffmann and Andrew O. Sageman-Furnas.
    A $2 \times 2$ Lax Representation, Associated Family, and Bäcklund Transformation for Circular K-Nets.
    Discrete & Computational Geometry, 56(2):472–501, September 2016.
    arXiv:1510.06654, doi:10.1007/s00454-016-9802-6.

Prof. Dr. Tim Hoffmann   +

Projects: A02
University: TU München
E-Mail: hoffmant[at]

Dr. Andrew O'Shea Sageman-Furnas   +

Projects: C01
University: TU Berlin
E-Mail: aosafu[at]